Database Security Threats And Countermeasures
Data is a very critical asset of any company. Every day companies worldwide collect a lot of data on their daily operations and customers. Data is stored in databases that are used to handle data and automate various functions within and outside companies. Due to its utter importance, data protection is a critical component of business protection. Data security shall be the goal of any database management system (DBMS), also called database security. However, it is not always so. In this article we are going to learn more about database security threats and what IT security teams and business owners can do for database protection.
First of all, database security begins with physical security. That is why physically database should be accessed by authorized personnel only.
However, there are many other internal and external threats to databases and some of them are listed below.
- Excessive Database Privileges.
Database users may have different privileges. However, users may abuse them and here are the major types of privilege abuses: excessive privilege abuse, legitimate privileges abuse and unused privilege abuse. Excessive privileges always create unnecessary risks. According to statistics 80% of the attacks on company databases are executed by current company employees or ex-employees.
- It is advised to deploy and uphold a strict access and privileges control policy.
- Don’t grant excessive privileges to company employees and revoke outdated privileges in time.
- Stored procedure shall be used instead of direct queries.
- MVC Architecture shall be implemented.
Use automatic auditing solutions that impose no additional load on database performance. Using DataSunrise Database Auditing module could be the best solution for you and your business
- Encrypt both databases and backups. Storing data in encrypted form allows secure both production and back-up copies of databases. DataSunrise Data Encryption is the best way to do that.
- Audit both the database and backups. Doing this helps to see who has been trying to get access to sensitive data.
- Your databases shouldn’t have any default accounts.
- Your IT personnel should be highly qualified and experienced.
- Database users shall be educated in database security.
- IT security specialists shall be urged to raise their professional level and qualification.
- Harden the TCP/IP stack by applying the appropriate registry settings to increase the size of the TCP connection queue.
- Decrease the connection establishment period.
- Employ dynamic backlog mechanisms to ensure that the connection queue is never exhausted.
- Use a network Intrusion Detection System (IDS).
- Encrypt all sensitive data in your database(s).
- Apply required controls and permissions to the database.
- Run periodic search for new sensitive data on your databases. You can do this very effectively with the Periodic Data Discovery tool and Compliance Manager that will automatically discover newly added sensitive data and protect it.
In this article we learned about some of the major threats your databases and sensitive data within can be exposed to. However, DataSunrise has developed a unique software solution which can address each of these threats and others. Please make the right choice and download your trial version of DataSunrise Database Security Suite right now!